The book includes a complete study on the Ancient Egyptian didactic literature. All representatives of the genre and its characteristics are considered. Special attention is paid to the main concepts used in didactic literature. The different states of mind which a man should achieve in life in order to reach immortality in the netherworld are gathered and discussed. The proper behavior in society according to the teachings is discussed. The book presents also а full translation of three didactic texts – The maxims of Ptahhotep, The teaching of Ani and The teaching of Amenemope.